Nichiren Buddhism promises that one can attain Buddhahood in this lifetime. But what does it mean to attain Buddhahood or enlightenment?
Shakyamuni, the historical founder of Buddhism, became known in his time as the Buddha because of his ability to understand people's sufferings, to show them that they possessed the inner resources to overcome their problems and to awaken them to a greater vision of themselves and their possibilities. His towering character was a profound inspiration to all. Over time, however, the ideal of Buddhahood shown in Shakyamuni's living example became increasingly abstract and distant. An apparently unbridgeable gap developed between the Buddha and ordinary people as the Buddha came to be seen as an otherworldly being.
While the aim of Shakyamuni's teaching was, in the words of the Lotus Sutra, to "make all beings equal to me," in some schools of Buddhism he became regarded as a unique being, and the goal of religious practice became the attainment of stages of enlightenment less complete than that of Buddhahood. For others, Buddhahood came to be viewed as an extremely distant goal requiring many lifetimes of effort, something not within the capabilities of all people.
In Nichiren Buddhism, Buddhahood is not a static end point of eventual attainment--one does not become a Buddha at some future point in time. Rather, the qualities of Buddhahood are seen as naturally inherent in all people. Buddhist practice is about manifesting those qualities--which could be summed up as compassion, wisdom, courage and creative life-force--amidst the challenging realities of our ordinary lives, here and now.
What enables people to manifest Buddhahood with ever-greater consistency is bodhisattva practice--practice for oneself and others. In Mahayana Buddhist sutras, bodhisattvas are disciples of the Buddha who are described as having devoted themselves to Buddhist practice, learning from and following the example of the Buddha. Through their individual practice and experience they have developed various marvelous qualities and characteristics which they employ to help people suffering from particular kinds of problems. These qualities, and the bodhisattvas themselves, are symbolic of the rich qualities of Buddhahood inherent in the lives of all people as well as the limitless variety of ways that this can express itself.
The bodhisattva's practice is one of ardent commitment to self-development while also seeking to ease the suffering of others and bring happiness and benefit to them.
The model of the bodhisattva provides a practical bridge between the abstract ideal of Buddhahood and our mundane lives. This is because, ultimately, the way of life of the bodhisattva is the way of life of the Buddha himself.
The Buddha's life was both one of continuous self-development and of rigorous engagement with people and their problems. This engagement was based on a deep conviction in the dignity of each person's life. A Buddha is thus one who continually strives to awaken people to faith in their inherent capacity to overcome any difficulty--to inspire people to use challenges and suffering as a springboard to develop this strength and attain an unshakable happiness.
Ultimately, it is through our interactions with others--through our efforts to help others and through the good influences of mentors and friends--that we are able to bring forth the life condition of the Buddha, to bring our lives into the joyful "orbit" of Buddhahood, as SGI President Daisaku Ikeda has described it: "Carrying out actions for the sake of others strengthens, develops and solidifies the Buddhahood in our own life. When our Buddhahood is strengthened, we can inspire people's lives on an even profounder level. The royal path of our human revolution lies in this ongoing process of developing ourselves and helping others do likewise."
The behavior of the Buddha is itself the practice for becoming, or being, a Buddha.